Understanding Weight Gain
Countless publications and articles discuss the association and direct link between weight and certain health risks. Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnoea, fatty liver, knee osteoarthritis, infertility and reflux are just part of the long list of ailments associated with obesity.
What Causes Weight Gain?
- Diet: The quantity and type of food you are eating has a strong impact on weight. Speaking with a Nutritionist or Dietitian and adapting a sustainable eating plan is a great first step for someone struggling with any weight concerns.
- Genes: Some people have a strong family history of obesity or Type 2 diabetes and may be vulnerable to weight gain. Studies suggest however, that early lifestyle advice, including regular activity, may prevent or delay the onset of lifetime weight problems.
- Physical inactivity: Physical activity is a key element in weight control and health. Being physically active improves mental and musculoskeletal health and reduces the risk of an array of health conditions. The Department of Health Australia have provided a set of Physical Activity Guidelines and recommendations for each age group, summarised in the table below.
- Sleep: Research suggests that there is a marked link between weight gain and sleep-related conditions such as insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea. Being well-rested and obtaining quality sleep can help balance important weight-controlling hormones such as leptin and ghrelin, thus affecting appetite.