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Man at Eye Doctor
26 July, 2022

Common Eye Conditions

According to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) 2017-18, it is estimated that over 13 million Australians have one or more chronic eye conditions. Common eye conditions that cause vision loss include Glaucoma, Macular Degeneration and Diabetic Retinopathy.

 Glaucoma Fast Facts

  • Glaucoma is a group of diseases that cause vision loss due to optic nerve damage.
  • Glaucoma often runs in families
  • There are often no symptoms of Glaucoma until the disease is advanced. It is recommended that people over the age of 40 have an eye check every year
  • At the early or moderate stages of Glaucoma, some people may feel that they need more light, they are experiencing blurry vision and seeing glare. As the condition progresses, symptoms may include loss of side vision (peripheral vision)
  • Glaucoma is treated by reducing the pressure in the eye. This is often achieved by using specific eye drop medication, laser treatment or surgery

Glaucoma Image


Diabetic Retinopathy Fast Facts

  • Diabetic Retinopathy is a complication that may develop in people with Diabetes
  • Chronic high blood sugar levels cause changes in blood flow that damage small blood vessels in the retina of the eye
  • Diabetic Retinopathy does not often present with any early-stage symptoms
  • Regular annual eye checks are essential for all people with Diabetes
  • Late-stage Diabetic Retinopathy symptoms include:
    • Blurred vision
    • Eye strain
    • Headaches
  • Effective diabets management, including better control of blood sugars, blood pressure and cholesterol, can all help delay the development of retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy Image


Age-Related Macular Degeneration Fast Facts

  • Approximately one in seven Australians over the age of 50 have some evidence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
  • AMD is a disease that slowly degrades the Macula, the part of the eye responsible for central vision
  • Tasks such as reading, recognising faces and driving all rely on Macular function and are often affected
  • Early detection of Age-Related Macular Degeneration is crucial to saving sight
  • Depending on the type and severity of the condition, common symptoms of AMD may include:
    • Problems with close work such as knitting and reading
    • Blurred central vision
    • Blank or dark spots
    • Complete loss of central vision

Age-Related Macular Degeneration Image


- By Irene Vergos, Healthcare Pharmacist at Direct Chemist Outlet




DISCLAIMER: This material contains general information about medical conditions and treatments and is intended for educational purposes only. It does not constitute medical or professional advice, nor should it be used for the purposes of diagnosing or treating any illness. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, you should consult your local pharmacist or health provider to obtain professional advice relevant to your specific circumstances.

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